James Larkin has gone down in history as a revolutionary supporter of fair treatment to workers in Ireland. The Irish trade unionist led several strikes against unfair labor practices and created the phrase, “A fair day’s work for a fair day’s pay.”
The founder of the Irish Citizen Army, or ICA, was born in 1876 on January 21 and died on January 20, 1947. He led a rich life seeking justice for the average citizen of Ireland.
A manual laborer himself, he was very aware of the hardships that Irish workers were facing in England at the time. Born to Irish parents in Liverpool, England, he faced discrimination because of his heritage and is now seen as a folk hero to the Irish. Learn more about Jim Larkin: http://spartacus-educational.com/IRElarkin.htm and http://www.irishexaminer.com/lifestyle/artsfilmtv/books/the-definitive-biography-of-big-jim-larkin-372254.html
The Marxist also founded the ITGWU, the Irish Transport and General Worker’s Union, which grew to be the largest union in the area as Irish workers made up most of the labor at the docks of Liverpool.
After the Dublin Lockout, the Irish Transport and General Worker’s Union disbanded and James Larkin traveled to the United States where he was deported from. Read more: Jim Larkin | Biography and Jim Larkin | Wikipedia
Born into poverty in the slums of Liverpool, he helped support his family by working different jobs as a child. Later on, James Larkin became a foreman at the docks of Liverpool.
In 1905 be dedicated his life to becoming a trade union organizer after joining the National Union of Dock Workers. His strike methods were deemed excessively militant to the National Union of Dock Workers and his position was transferred to Dublin.
James Larkin attempted to unite all of the various Irish workers into one group and went on to form the Irish Labour Party. He continued to lead even more strikes for the rights of Irish workers.
In 1913, he arranged the Dublin Lockout which had over 100,000 workers participate and strike for almost 8 months with a goal of fair employment.